Leyland Trucks is a British truck manufacturing company based in Lancashire. As a result of a sudden management buy-out, the company emerged from the huge bankruptcy of DAV NV. Leyland Trucks is currently a subsidiary of PACCAR, after it was acquired by the company. All the trucks that are being designed and manufactured at the plants of Leyland Trucks are marketed under the brand name of PACCAR’s DAF.
The origin of the Leyland Trucks lies in Leyland Motors Ltd after its subsequent merger with the nationalized conglomerate of British Leyland. Later, the truck manufacturing division of Leyland, also known as Leyland Motors, merged with the truck business of DAF and went on to be known as DAF NV. But, the new company later became insolvent after a few years and finally Leyland Trucks became an independent organization.
The company was formed initially as the Lancashire Steam Motor company in the year of 1896. It later underwent a change in name to Leyland Motors in 1907. An important merger took place with the British Motor Holdings in 1968, and a new company was formed with the name British Leyland Motor Corporation (BLMC). The new company was nationalized in 1975 and it became British Leyland (BL).
British Leyland later changed its name to the Rover Group in 1986. After merging with the DAF trucks, Leyland Trucks traded as Leyland DAF in the UK stock exchange, following the buyout created by the New Leyland Trucks Company Management in 1993. It was PACCAR of the United States of America, who acquired Leyland Trucks as its subsidiary company in 1998. In 2006, after Paccar took the decision of ceasing production, Leyland Trucks was forced to stop manufacture Foden Trucks.
Leyland Trucks released thus far
Leyland Trucks produced the Q-type 4 ton as their first truck in the 1920s, which was followed by the SQ2 7 ton and SWQ2 10 ton. The company manufactured the Beaver, Bison. Bull, Hippo, Buffalo, Steer and the Octopus 22 ton eight wheeler models of trucks in 1930s. They also introduced the Comet model in the 1950s followed by the Beaver, Leyland 90, FG, Steer and Comet in the 1960s. In 1970s, they came up with new truck models like the Clydesdale, Terrier and the Marathon.
Leyland Truck’s answer to the Ford cargo in the 1980s came in the form of Roadrunner, a non HGV 7.5 ton truck sector. This model was launched in 1984, and it utilised a six engine transmission system.
The Leyland Roadtrain was another model from Leyland Trucks that was launched in the period of 1980s and 1990s. This model incorporated a truck design that encompassed the “T45″ nomenclature. Leyland motors manufactured the Roadtrain as a max weight model, which had distance work in mind. This model from Leyland motors was available in both day and night sleeper cabbed form and also in high and low datum versions, which referred to the height of the cab.
Leyland Motors introduced the high roofed Roadtrain in the year of 1986, which was a long distance truck having a standing room inside. This model was very common in the UK in the 1980s and was also used by many fleets.
Although Leyland Trucks haven’t been one of the top performers, still they have got an impact in British Markets.